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Georg F. Duckwitz
Hans & Sophie Scholl and the White Rose Movement
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Captain Francis Edward ‘Frank’ Foley
Francis Edward ‘Frank’ Foley was born on the 24th of November 1884 in Highbridge, England, he passed away on the 8th of May 1958 at the age of 73 in Stourbridge, England. When Frank Foley was young he dreamed to become a priest, as he matured physically he also did in his schooling by gaining a scholarship to Stoneyhurst College a Roman Catholic run school to study to eventually become a qualified priest. He never finished his education as World War One had begun in 1914, he enrolled for the army to help defend his country, and he came back a respected veteran. His involvement during the time before World War Two was immensely significant to Jews all over the world.
Frank Foley helped save thousands of Jews by helping them escape Germany before 1939 when World War II was due to begin. He was also known as ‘The Spy Who Saved 10,000 Jews’ for as the name illustrates saving thousands of Jews from inside concentration camps as well as around Germany, he also hid Jews in his own home to assist them out of Germany and to safety. He did so by forging them passports and visas to send them to Palestine. Palestine was also called Zion, a place between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, in Jerusalem. Many Jews waited for Foley to open his office for help, some even waited from 4am until opening at 9am to get out of Germany, he worked all day until 10pm at night to assist as many people as possible.He was a member of the Secret Intelligence Service and part of MI6, the British spy team.He was undercover as part of the passport control for the British Embassy in Berlin from 1923 – 1939, this is how he got access to help Jews evade Germany. Frank Foley’s thoughts on the horrid things Hitler was doing were "To him the whole Hitler regime was anathema - he said it was the rule of the devil on earth." Benno Cohen, a chairman of the German Zionist Organization who supported Jews stated that Frank Foley had “detested the Nazis and looked on their political systems - as he once told me - as the rule of Satan on earth." This statement shows his complete and sheer hatred for the Nazis.
When the war started Foley left Germany rapidly as he was not eager to be a part of another war. He risked his life to help thousands of Jews. If Frank Foley has ever been caught assisting Jews or even having his cover blown in any way he would have been tortured for any sort of valuable information for the Nazis and then eventually killed.
After the war, Frank Foley went back to Berlin and was in a group that helped hunt down ex-SS members. He passed away in 1958 at the age of 73.Frank will always be remembered by those who he helped along with those peoples families, there was a book written about his efforts to help the Jews titled, 'Foley: The Spy Who Saved 10,000 Jews' by a British journalist named Michael Smith. On the 25th, 1999, Yad Vashem recognised Francis Foley for his tremendous contributions for helping thousands of Jews.
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