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Georg F. Duckwitz
Hans & Sophie Scholl and the White Rose Movement
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Carl Lutz was born in
Switzerland on the 30th of March 1895 and he died at the age of 80 on the 12 February 1975 in Berne, Switzerland. At the age of 18 he immigrated to the United Sates of America where he lived and worked for 20 years. He started on his studies at Central Wesleyan College in Warrenton, Missouri. In 1920 he received a job at the Swiss Legation in Washington D.C. He also continued his education at George Washington University, where he achieved a Bachelor’s degree in 1924.
Carl Lutz was the Swiss Vice consul whist he was in Budapest and using his position he was the man responsible for the rescue of more than 62,000 Jewish residents in Budapest from deportation to Nazi Concentration camps (death camps) during World War II. In the final months of World War II, the Nazi party tried to exterminate the whole Jewish communities. Lutz negotiated with the Hungarian government and obtained permission to issue up to 8,000 protective letters to Hungarian Jews that would allow these Jewish people to immigrate to Palestine.
Lutz interpreted the 8’000 Jewish people not as individuals but as families which meant that instead of liberating 8,000 Jewish people he and his staff issued tens of thousands of additional protective letters. Lutz also established 76 Swiss safe houses throughout Budapest,
including the legendary Glass house. The Glass House was an
old industrial building, over 3,000 Jews found refuge and protection and shelter from their prosecutors at the Glass House during World War II.
between 1944 until the liberation of Budapest in January 1945. The issuing and distribution of protective letters was also adopted by the other representatives of neutral governments which broadened the impact.
During World War II anyone who was found to be protecting Jews were to be immediately killed. This is what would have happened to Carl Lutz if he were to be caught by the authorities.
By the end of the war approximately 124,000 Hungarian Jews survived. Nearly half of these owed their life to the courageous and brave actions of Carl Lutz, whose name, until recently, had been forgotten, by the Jewish people and the world. For all the courage and bravery the Carl Lutz has shown he has been honored by Yad Vashem and the State of Israel. In 1963 a street was named after him in Haifa, Israel. In 1991 a memorial was built at the entrance to the old Budapest ghetto, this place remembers the significance of the work that Lutz did. In 2006 the American Embassy honored Carl Lutz with a memorial in the park of the American Embassy.
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